Código para el Periodismo Ciudadano

El sindicato de periodistas ingleses ha aprobado un código para tratar el material producido por ciudadanos de acuerdo a los valores periodísticos. Bajo el nombre de “Witness Contributors’ Code of Practice” el texto surge de un debate desarrollado en la esfera inglesa sobre el periodismo ciudadano y sus implicaciones en el periodismo profesional.

En realidad, el código se ciñe al enunciado de su título y trata exclusivamente de la participación del público en la provisión de material relevante para la noticia: condiciones para aceptarlo, cómo atribuir su autoría, cómo gestionar sus derechos, etc. Aunque limitado, ya que la participación del periodismo ciudadano debe ser contemplada más allá de la mera aportación de material, refleja al menos una sensibilización por el tema y un esfuerzo por debatir su importancia dentro de los círculos profesionales.
El texto, disponible en formato Word desde su web, trata los siguientes puntos:

1. Organisations using material from “witness contributors” agree to uphold section 1 of the Press Complaints Council Code of Practice: That inaccurate, misleading or distorted information should not be published; that any breaches should be corrected quickly, prominently and, where appropriate, with an apology; and that conjecture and fact should be clearly distinguished;

2. Such organisations should check and provide sufficient resources for the adequate checking of witness contributions to establish their accuracy and authenticity before publication;

Para seguir leyendo los 8 puntos restantes:

3. Such organisations recognise that journalists belonging to the National Union of Journalists have agreed to uphold the union’s Code of Conduct and will strive to use material from such individuals wherever and whenever such alternatives to witness contributions are available;

4. Such organisations accept that appropriate and agreed payments will be made to witness contributors for all uses of their material and that the terms of licensing will be easily available and clear;

5. Such organisations agree to respect fully the copyright(s) of the witness contributors; material will not be passed to third parties – including the police and security services – without the specific written agreement of a witness contributor, sub-poena or similar requirement from a court;

6. Such organisations agree to respect the spirit of witness contributors’ moral rights, crediting them appropriately and defending the integrity of their work against (unfair or misleading) alterations;

7. Such organisations agree that they will not make witness contributors provide unrealistic guarantees about legal consequences which witness contributors cannot be expected to know or understand and that they will indemnify such contributors against all liabilities resulting from the publication of contributions made in good faith, including ensuring that individuals’ privacy is not breached and that decency and taste are not compromised;

8. Such organisations undertake not to solicit material from witness contributors which will encourage such individuals to place themselves in danger and to dissuade publicly and actively witness contributors from exposing themselves unnecessarily to unassessed and inappropriate risk(s);

9. Organisations or individuals soliciting material from or offering (commercial) representation to witness contributors agree that they will not offer such material to media organisations in any way that may be inaccurate, misleading or distorted. (Such organisations and individuals should be encouraged to promote their commitment to this Code of Practice.);

10. Organisations subscribing to this Code of Practice agree that it – and the terms of licensing witness contributions – should: (i) be disseminated to all staff, members and interested individuals, (ii) be published on internet and intranet sites, (iii) be available to the public and to potential citizen witness contributors, (iv) be displayed on workplace noticeboards, and included in staff induction and employment contract materials and other membership information.

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